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<Class 12: Race and Schools







Key Topics

Innovative Schools - Academic Success . . . . . . . .Different Incomes - Different Schools


Innovative Schools - Academic Success

To address the many achievement gaps that plague today’s educational system, there are people trying to remake schooling with the goal of creating educational equity and excellence for everyone.

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1. With The Algebra Project's multiple intelligences teaching methods and the use of students teaching other students, success for all is the academic outcome for students. There are other outcomes for students in this program conceived by Dr. Robert Moses.
Describe three other achievements for high school students that result from participation in the program.

2. Do you think that a difference in atmosphere and behavior might result in a school where a creed is a core part of the learning experience as opposed to a school displaying a list of school rules?
Explain your thinking.






DIFFERENT INCOMES - DIFFERENT SCHOOLS


The Little Rock Nine being escorted into Little Rock Central High School, 1957. After being blocked in entering by decree of Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, National Guard troops assigned by President Dwight Eisenhower escorted the nine African American teens into school.
The Little Rock Nine being escorted into Little Rock Central High School, 1957. After being blocked in entering by decree of Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, National Guard troops assigned by President Dwight Eisenhower escorted the nine African American teens into school.




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  • Hear 7:08-8:14 Transcript of entire interview is provided to read but please hear students speaking during this one minute.
60 years after Brown vs. Board of Education, America's schools remain segregated. Reported NPR 0517/14.
Probe: Gains of Integration Eroded Especially In The South

  • Hear the voices of students and James Dent speaking during this interview. Reported NPR 04/18/14. Interview Transcript
Six Words: 'Segregation Should Not Determine Our Future'

3. Did you know any of the information from the podcast, 'Probe: Gains of Integration Eroded, Especially In The South'?
Does this information provide ideas about why Dr.Robert Moses went south to Baltimore and to Mississippi to introduce The Algebra Project into high schools? Explain your thoughts.

4. Of the students interviewed for 'Six Words: 'Segregation Should Not Determine Our Future' who made the most profound impression on you? Why?

To compose a six word story for the Race Card Project, what six words would you write?


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  • Hear the podcast and Ray Litt speaking.
Detroit 40 years ago attempted desegregation and the failed effort set forth policies that followed throughout the U.S. Reported 11/19/13
School Desegregation Thwarted

5. Who was responsible for countermanding the decisions that would have guaranteed implementation of the integration effort?
If Detroit's city schools had been allowed to implement the policy of integration by busing what might be the results of that decision during the past 40 years?



Maxim: a short, pithy statement expressing a general truth or rule of conduct.-Oxford English Dictionary

Everyone is smart . . .
Everyone is a learner . . .
Everyone is a teacher . . .
. . . under favorable conditions.
--Jerome Bruner
psychologist, professor, author





"Chance favors the prepared mind."
--Louis Pasteur,
French chemist, microbiologist, inventor and creator of "pasteurization", maker of modern biology of food purity, medical instrument sterilization, vaccination and our use of antibiotics. It was Pasterur who taught the necessity of hand washing to prevent illness and disease.


"A broken bone can heal, but the wound a word opens can fester forever."
--Jessamyn West,
American writer

Told by doctors when she was 32 that she would die young from bilateral tuberculosis, West wrote and lived to age 82.


"Everyone is smart who can open the door to non-stupidity."
--Emily Cutting, age 7, in response to Sharon's question, "Emily, who is smart?"
singer, teacher, businesswoman

"Life is not easy for any of us. But what of that? We must have perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves."
Marie Curie,
physicist and chemist
Marie Skłodowska Curie (/ˈkjʊri, kjʊˈriː/;[3] French: [kyʁi]; Polish: [kʲiˈri]; born Maria Salomea Skłodowska [ˈmarja salɔˈmɛa skwɔˈdɔfska]; 7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different sciences, and was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris. -wikipedia

6. Would you display any of the maxims shown above for students to see and discuss?
Is there a different quote that you would display?


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Lastly for your consideration, a story of courage,
  • Hear podcast. View video.
Determined to Reach March of 1963, Teen Used Thumb and Feet

7. Would you listen to the podcast or view the video with students to consider equity in America?
What might your opening question to students be?





Additional Resources


What Does a Modern Classroom Look Like--And What Should Educators Leave Behind

Finland's New Plan to Change School Means Combining Subjects


Birmingham Covington: Building a Student-Centered School

Screen Shot 2016-10-28 at 12.13.15 PM.pngBob's Lesson Plan for Last Class

Opener
We are exploring four T"s: Time, Technology, Teachers and TEAMS in today 1/2/3 time and this center is the one about teachers. Our school teams are interviewing site coordinators as potential candidates for a position at their school.
  • This is important for schools because it is teachers who make the mission and vision of a school come alive in the way they teach.
  • This is important for teacher candidates because when there are multiple applicants for a position, a interviewee must stand out from the competition
    • How does one stand out? By highlighting their academic experience, their skills and experiences, their community service, their communication and teamwork skills and their vision of teaching and learning in the classroom

Activity
Schools Interview Candidates

Each candidate receive written feedback from one or two school team members on:
  • Your interview impressed us because . . .
  • In your next interview, you might do . . .


Close
Key Study on School Climate and how teachers impact that climate through their actions
  • The Evidence is In: Happy Schools Boost Student Achievement
http://neatoday.org/2016/12/05/school-climate/
826 Boston/ Afterschool Writing and Publishing Program


Why Can't Our Kids Go to School Together?
Alabama/04/24/16

Some of America's Top Teachers went to Finland. Here is What They Learned.



Innovative Schools - Academic Success


Screen Shot 2016-10-28 at 12.35.38 PM.pngClassroom on the Water from the website

In Bronx River, Helping Oysters Stage Comback


New York's Harbor School first in Bushwick Brooklyn and relocated to Governers Island


Sea Change in Education: New York's Harbor School
0:00-3:15
We are walking back in time, way way back; picture yourself at age 14. Can you go back to middle school and see yourself at age 14?
Picture yourself in school. Do you see yourself in the building?
Is there a class that you look forward to attending?
Back then, if you had been offered a chance to make a choice, was there another kind of school you wanted to attend at 14? What is it?

Would you have chosen a science school?


Open ABOUT: MISSION/ HISTORY/ LOCATION/ PRESS to learn about the school.
New York Harbor School on Govenors Island

Two Directions of Study
Classroom on the Water from the website

The Urban Assembly: Our Schools

In Bronx River, Helping Oysters Stage Comback

Classroom on the Water



SOLEs: Sugata Mitra's model in Harlem

Lebron James creates the I Promise School in Akron, Ohio

Providence, RI's Pleasant View Elementary School where the Panther Pride chant affirms the beliefs of the vision and work of an unconventional principal leading a thriving school community.

Chicago's Urban Prep Academy whose Creed and school structure set in motion successful learning and future goal attainment for young male teens is one multiculturally diverse model.

Another is Promise Academy in Harlem, where a growth mindset is modeled by all staff and supported by the students and their families.

We saw Emma Lazarus High School, in New York, NY focused exclusively for high school ELL learners to be able to attend college.

We learned about Coral Way Elementary School, in Miami, where teachers lead classes with high demand and high expectations for bilingual students

We reviewed Harvey Mudd College's Engineering, Science, and STEM programs that invite, support, and retain female students in STEM courses and careers.

We have featured other models throughout the semester beginning with Green Energy Biomedical and Engineering Pathways at Edison High School in Fresno, CA.

High Tech High School,San Diego, CA
High Tech High School: About

Moving Urban Schools Forward
Massive underfunding of inner city schools has not occurred because there are no funds to spend, but how those funds are spent.
Dr.Pedro Noguera, professor at UCLA and the Director of the Center for the Study of School Transformation describes how Brockton, MA succeeds w/a population of poor kids.

The Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District, North Carolina, winner of last year's prestigious Broad Prize for Urban Education, instituted new organizational practices to achieve success for all students in the city schools.

Florida Virtual School

P TEC 6-years of high school

Finland Secret Sauce: Its Teachers discusses how to become a teacher in Finland, a country with some of the highest student achievement results in the world.

Back to School Already? Debate Continues Over Year-Round Benefits discusses the advantages and disadvantages of going to school all year long without a lengthy 10 to 12 week summer break.

Different Incomes - Different Schools


U.S. Schools Reach Majority-Minority Milestone

In Fall 2014, Latino, African American and Asian students will be a majority of students (50.3%) in the nation's public schools.
Click for a table of enrollment projections through 2023 from the Digest of Education Statistics.

Detroit 40 years ago attempted desegregation and the failed effort set the policies that followed throughout the U.S.
School Desegregation Thwarted

external image placeholder?w=NaN&h=NaNHow School Funding Works in Massachusetts

Following the Brown v Board of Education legislation, segregation continued to separate communities of Caucasian and African American and Hispanic families through the redlining of neighborhoods.



Digital Learning

North Carolina School Engages Tech Generation With Digital Learning

Burlington High School in Massachusetts receives Apple Distinguished School Award for 2012-2013, one of 87 schools honored nationwide for technology integration.




Poverty

Rich People Actually Don't Create The Jobs-Business Insider

15 Mind Blowing Facts About Inequality In America-Business Insider

Jonathan Kozal has spent 50 years chronicling public education's funding inequities and its resulting lack of success for students in poor schools. His book, Death At An Early Age, 1980, gained national attention, but since its publication, little has changed to address the inequities of public schools.
Read the transcript of the interview or listen to the conversation, whichever you prefer to do.

Jonathan Kozol speaks about kids that survive-inner-cities in a new book, Fire In The Ashes
external image 200px-Paperback_book_black_gal.svg.pngYou can read a preview of Fire in the Ashes at Amazon.



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  • Hear the podcasts; transcripts are provided but please also hear the people speaking.
Voices of Youth Radio: San Francisco Bay Area Students Find Danger Lurks To and From School
Chicago's Silent Watchmen Guard School Rout

3. As a youngster did you face any of the fears that these San Francisco and Chicago kids face in urban centers going back and forth to school?
Do you think the volunteers standing watch while students walk to and from school ought to be paid for this by federal funds?



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Update 9/27/11: "Ohio Gov. John Kasich, going against the unanimous opinion of the Ohio Parole Board, reduced the charges from felony to misdemeanor charges so that Kelley Williams-Bolar would not have a felony record which could block her hoped-for career in education." Christian Science Monitor: A Weekly Review Of Global News & Ideas, vol. 103/ issue 44

4. Knowing that school is where the door opens for future employment and wealth accumulation, what is your feeling about the situation of the mother in the news report? What do you think her options for her children's schools should be?





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Newsletter_November+29_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_10d8eab927-e247406aa3-4866430120%;">Poverty ||
Jail Time For Sneaking Kids Into A Better School







Videos by students & teachers
Find Jay Vavra, Amgen National Science Teacher of the Year

Alphabet Soup: The A-Z of Cell Biology

Black Holes: A Children's Book




New Technology High Schools

New Technology High School: About

Videos by students & teachers
I Am What I Learn: Troy Simon
An Amazing Turnaround, Warren, N.C.
KQED's report for Groundbreaking Schools
  • What school reform or educational change practices are advocated by each school?
  • What elements of the school's design and curriculum do you believe will improve learning for students?
  • What might have been very effective for your own learning had you attended each of the schools you visited virtually?
  • Would you choose to teach in either school the Harbor School or the school you visited on the webquest? Why or why not?

Sugata Mitra TED talk:
http://www.ted.com/talks/sugata_mitra_the_child_driven_education.html





Apples in America in the 1800s/Science Friday

http://sciencefriday.com/blogs/11/26/2013/all-about-apples-some-history-a-recipe-and-recommendations.html?utm_source=Science+Friday+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=e247406aa3-Newsletter_November+29_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_10d8eab927-e247406aa3-4866430120%;">Poverty ||
Jail Time For Sneaking Kids Into A Better School



A Visit To The Doomsday Vault:Scott Pelley Visits One Of The World's Most Unique Banks

Link to the Video on Vimeo

Link to Resources for History Teachers wiki A Visit to the Doomsday Vault


New York's Harbor School first in Bushwick Brooklyn and relocated to Governers Island


Sea Change in Education: New York's Harbor School
0:00-3:15
We are walking back in time, way way back; picture yourself at age 14. Can you go back to middle school and see yourself at age 14?
Picture yourself in school. Do you see yourself in the building?
Is there a class that you look forward to attending?
Back then, if you had been offered a chance to make a choice, was there another kind of school you wanted to attend at 14? What is it?

Would you have chosen a science school?


Open ABOUT: MISSION/ HISTORY/ LOCATION/ PRESS to learn about the school










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